Zambia Statistics Agency

Social Statistics Division

The Social Statistics division forms the core of the Central Statistical Office (CSO) as it houses the Census of Population and Housing which is the largest undertaking carried out by the Office. The division has three branches; Population and Demography branch, Geographic Information branch and the Labour Statistics branch.

The Population and Demography Branch is responsible for conducting the Census of Population and Housing that provides social-economic and demographic information up to the lowest administrative levels. It is also responsible for undertaking other population ad hoc surveys e.g. the Zambia Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS), Maternal Mortality Survey (MMS), Zambia Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (ZAMPHIA) and Resource Flow Survey.

Furthermore, the branch conducts routine programs such as, the Sample Vital Registration with Verbal Autopsy (SAVVY). The SAVVY provides information on the number and causes of death as well as capturing information on births occurring in communities.

The Geographic Information Branch was created for the purpose of designing and producing census maps to use during census and survey data collection. It also provides the frame for all the other surveys conducted by the office, ministries, researchers and other organizations. The maps are meant to guide enumerators during data collection to ensure that that they completely cover their areas of assignment. The maps are also meant to ensure that there are no overlaps or omissions during data collection.

The branch comprises Headquarter (HQ) and Provincial Staff whose duties include field mapping, a process through which geographic data is collected across the country using appropriate tools and equipment. This data is then compiled and used, in addition to other available map data to produce the census maps. The branch is also involved in the production and dissemination of census and survey data in form of maps and atlases using Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

The Labour Statistics Branch produces Labour force size, growth, composition and distribution. It also produces employment, unemployment and underemployment statistics through the Labour Force survey that is planned to be conducted every two years. The branch maintains the Central Register of Business Establishments which forms the main sampling frame for establishment based surveys such as the Quarterly Employment and Earnings Inquiry.

The Quarterly Employment and Earnings Inquiry is a survey used mainly to compile formal sector employment statistics. It focuses on the private sector, Non-government organization, the local government and the Central Government. Other statistics from the employment and earnings inquiry are the income statistics in the formal sector.

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